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April 26, 2016 Update

Cruz-Fiorina-VP_ticket-development

March 9, 2016 Update

Cruz-Fiorina-VP_ticket-prediction

A psychological analysis of Texas senator Ted Cruz — a contender for the Republican nomination in the 2016 presidential election — by Atarah Pinder and Aubrey Immelman, Ph.D., at the Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics, revealed that Cruz’s primary personality pattern is Dominant/forceful, with secondary Ambitious/confident and Dauntless/adventurous features and less prominent Outgoing/congenial and Contentious/resolute tendencies. In summary, Cruz’s personality composite can be characterized as a risk-taking, confident controller.

Ted Cruz poster 2015-09
Click on image for larger view

Following is a summary of the major findings of the study, as published in an opinion column in the St. Cloud Times.

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Ted Cruz: Will the “Wacko Bird” Soar Like an Eagle?

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Texas Sen. Ted Cruz participates in the Republican presidential primary debate Aug. 6, 2015 in Cleveland. (Photo: AFP / Getty Images via St. Cloud Times)

By Atarah Pinder
St. Cloud Times
September 6, 2015

Many people dislike Texas Sen. Rafael Edward “Ted” Cruz — including some of his Republican colleagues.

In fact, 2008 Republican nominee Sen. John McCain has gone so far as to call Cruz a “wacko bird.”

Presidential hopeful Cruz embraces the label and wears it as a badge of honor. But the question remains: How high can this “wacko bird” fly in the 2016 Republican primary?

Currently, Cruz ranks among the top five contenders in the polls, beating out more than 10 of his rivals in the crowded Republican field. Perhaps the skills he honed as a college debater at Princeton — he was named U.S. National Speaker of the Year in 1992 — are setting him apart from his competitors. Cruz’s eloquent and emotive language has been known to woo a crowd.

Confident or cocksure?

Cruz is not afraid to speak his mind. He has strong beliefs and asserts them, which sometimes frustrates or angers the unseasoned freshman senator’s more senior Republican Senate colleagues.

For example, while campaigning in New Hampshire last week, Cruz point-blank blamed President Obama for inciting the murder of a police officer shot 15 times while pumping gas in Houston.

Not much can shake Cruz’s supreme confidence in himself and his abilities — to the point where he risks being seen as cocksure and arrogant.

Case in point: While a student at Harvard Law, the young Cruz refused to study with anyone who hailed from what he called “the minor Ivies” — Penn and Brown. Cruz appears to see himself as smarter and more principled than most, smugly looking down on others.

So, it came as no surprise when the 44-year-old Canadian-born Texan, after serving barely two years in the U.S. Senate, became the first contender officially to announce his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination in 2016.

Forceful, fearless, ambitious

Empirical analysis of Cruz’s personality at the College of St. Benedict and St. John’s University’s Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics this summer employed the 170-item Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria, which assesses the attribute domains of expressive behavior, interpersonal conduct, cognitive style, mood/temperament and self-image.

Not unexpectedly, given the characteristic behaviors Cruz displayed in law school and in Congress, Cruz’s primary personality pattern was found to be Dominant/forceful, with secondary features of the Ambitious/confident and Dauntless/adventurous patterns.

Cruz’s combination of dominant, ambitious and dauntless patterns points to a personality complex best characterized as a “risk-taking, confident controller.”

Cruz’s dominance, in its most distilled form, is expressed in his personal morality and deeply held convictions. His views are fully formed and he defends them relentlessly and with uncompromising fervor. Like-minded voters likely view these traits as indicative of a strong, commanding leader who gets the job done.

Cruz’s ambitious and dauntless characteristics plausibly provide the psychological underpinnings of the alacrity with which he was the first candidate out of gate in the presidential race. Clearly, Cruz ardently believes in his self-efficacy and is unafraid to take calculated risks.

Against the grain

Dauntless personalities like Cruz — and, incidentally, both the aforementioned McCain and former Minnesota Gov. Jesse Ventura — are nonconformists who live by their own internal code of values and beliefs. They are not easily influenced by the norms of society, and often go against the grain.

Ventura famously, in his own words, “shocked the world.” As for Cruz, the question remains. Will this dauntless, ambitious, forceful “wacko bird” get wacked out of contention in the primaries, or will Cruz soar to the GOP nomination to proclaim from a perch at the Republican National Convention next summer that the eagle has landed?

This is the opinion of Atarah Pinder, Nassau, Bahamas, a senior psychology major at the College of St. Benedict and St. John’s University, where she was a summer research fellow in the Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics, directed by Aubrey Immelman.

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Atarah Pinder, Nassau, Bahamas (Submitted photo)

About this series

This is the seventh in an occasional series of personality profiles of most of the Republican candidates in the 2016 presidential election. Atarah Pinder is a research associate at the Unit for the Study of Personality in Politics, a collaborative faculty–student research program in the psychology of politics at St. John’s University and the College of St. Benedict, led by associate professor Aubrey Immelman, who specializes in the psychological assessment of presidential candidates and world leaders.

The unit’s summer research program focused on GOP contenders because of the unprecedented number of presidential hopefuls and the unit’s mission to help the public make better informed voting choices. Major Democratic candidates will be profiled next spring.

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Note: Personal Electability Index (political impact) score

Ted Cruz scores moderately high on the Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria-based Personal Electability Index, which has accurately predicted the outcome of every presidential election since 1996.

Following are the PEI calculations for Ted Cruz:

Ted Cruz: PEI = 25

Scale:  1A   1B   2   3   4   5A   5B   6   7   8
Score: 13     6    8   4   0    0      4    2   0   0

Scale: 1A = 13; 2 = 8; 3 = 4; 6 = 2; 8 = 0

[Extraversion (scale 3) = 4] + [Narcissism (scale 2) = 8] + [Dominance (scale 1) = 13] – [Introversion (scale 8) = 0] – [Conscientiousness (scale 6) = (2 - 2) = 0] = 25 – 0 = 25

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4/13/2016 Update


Time wonders: Is Cruz ‘likable enough?’ (April 7, 2016)TIME magazine’s Michael Scherer joins Morning Joe to discuss its new cover on Ted Cruz’s campaign and his public persona. (Duration 7:23)

Full story: Can America Learn to Love Ted Cruz? (TIME, April 7, 2016)

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Related reports on this site

Political Armageddon: Ted Cruz Braces for Final Battle on Day of Judgment in Indiana Primary (May 2, 2016)

Cruz-Trump-Indiana_Redstate
According to a poll by the Mike Downs Center for Indiana Politics on Friday, April 29, 2016, Ted Cruz leads Donald Trump 45 percent to 29 percent among registered voters. (Redstate.com)

Projecting the Winner of the 2016 Presidential Election: The Personal Electability Index (Feb. 29, 2016)

Donald-Trump_Hillary-Clinton_Getty-Images
Getty Images

Why Donald Trump Beats Jeb Bush: The Personal Electability Index (Aug. 23, 2015)

Trump-Bush_2015-08-06_Getty-SCT
Photo credit: Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images

Comparative Psychological Profiles of the GOP Field (Aug. 6, 2015)

Fox News candidates on stage

Republican Presidential Candidate Profiles, Polling, and Debates (May 31, 2015)



Republican presidential contenders (from left to right and top to bottom) Ben Carson, Ted Cruz, Carly Fiorina, Mike Huckabee, George Pataki, Rand Paul, Marco Rubio, and Rick Santorum (Photo credits: Gage Skidmore, officeholder official portraits / Wikipedia)

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11 Responses to “The Personality Profile of 2016 Republican Presidential Candidate Ted Cruz”
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